Alabama News

What is the state dance of Alabama?

Alabama Swings to the Rhythm of its State Dance: The Square Dance

In the heart of the South, Alabama holds a rich tapestry of cultural traditions, and among them is a dance that steps in tune with the state’s heritage. The square dance, a folk dance with deep roots in American history, twirls at the center stage as Alabama’s official state dance. Designated in 1981 by the Alabama Legislature, the square dance celebrates not only a form of entertainment but also a social thread that has woven communities together for generations.

Why the Square Dance?

The choice of the square dance reflects Alabama’s commitment to preserving its cultural legacy. This dance form, characterized by dancers arranged in a square and performing a sequence of steps directed by a caller, is a nod to the state’s rural and agricultural history. It’s a convivial activity that encapsulates the spirit of camaraderie and tradition, resonating with the values of Alabamians.

State Dance’s Cultural Significance

The square dance’s recognition as the state dance is more than a ceremonial title; it’s a celebration of Alabama’s folkloric past. The dance is often associated with community events, such as fairs and festivals, where it continues to be a vibrant part of Alabama’s living heritage. By honoring the square dance, Alabama ensures that this piece of Americana remains an active part of its cultural expression.


Q: When was the square dance designated as the state dance of Alabama?
A: The square dance was designated as the state dance of Alabama in 1981.

Q: What is a caller in square dancing?
A: A caller is the person who calls out the dance instructions that the dancers follow during a square dance.


Square Dance: A dance for four couples arranged in a square, with the sequence of steps called out by a caller.

Caller: The individual who provides the spoken cues for dancers to execute the various dance figures in a square dance.