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What is the population of Alabama by race?

Breaking Down Alabama’s Demographic Tapestry: A Look at the State’s Racial Composition

Alabama, known for its rich cultural history and Southern charm, presents a diverse racial landscape that mirrors the complex tapestry of the United States. According to the latest data from the U.S. Census Bureau, the state’s population exhibits a variety of racial identities, contributing to the unique social fabric of the region.

Major Racial Groups in Alabama

The majority of Alabama’s population identifies as White, with this group accounting for approximately 65% of the state’s residents. African Americans represent a significant portion of the populace as well, making up around 27% of the total. These two groups form the primary racial demographics in Alabama, reflecting the historical context of the Deep South.

The state’s demographic profile also includes a growing Hispanic or Latino population, currently at about 4.6%, indicative of broader national trends. Asians, though smaller in number, contribute to Alabama’s diversity, representing around 1.5% of the population. Native Americans and Alaska Natives, along with Native Hawaiians and Other Pacific Islanders, together constitute less than 1%.

Emerging Trends and Demographic Shifts

Recent years have seen shifts in Alabama’s racial composition, with increases in both the Hispanic and Asian communities. These changes point to a more multicultural future for the state, as new residents bring a variety of cultural influences and traditions.


Q: What is the largest racial group in Alabama?
A: The largest racial group in Alabama is White, comprising about 65% of the state’s population.

Q: Has the racial composition of Alabama changed significantly in recent years?
A: While the White and African American populations remain predominant, there has been noticeable growth in the Hispanic and Asian populations, signaling a gradual shift towards a more diverse demographic makeup.


U.S. Census Bureau: A principal agency of the U.S. Federal Statistical System responsible for producing data about the American people and economy.

Hispanic or Latino: A person of Cuban, Mexican, Puerto Rican, South or Central American, or other Spanish culture or origin, regardless of race.

This snapshot of Alabama’s racial demographics underscores the evolving nature of the state’s identity, as it continues to develop a more pluralistic society reflective of broader American demographic trends.