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What is Alaska’s main crop?

Alaska’s Agricultural Landscape: The Quest for the Main Crop

In the vast and rugged terrain of Alaska, agriculture faces unique challenges. Despite the harsh climate and limited arable land, Alaskan farmers have cultivated a variety of crops that can withstand the short growing season and cold temperatures. Among these, the potato emerges as the state’s leading crop, showcasing the resilience of both the crop and the cultivators.

Potatoes Reign Supreme in The Last Frontier

Alaska’s main crop, the potato, thrives in the state’s cooler climate, which naturally inhibits the growth of pests and diseases that commonly afflict the tuber in warmer regions. This advantage allows Alaskan farmers to produce potatoes that are not only hardy but also of high quality. The Matanuska Valley, in particular, is renowned for its potato production, with its fertile soil and relatively temperate climate providing an ideal environment for cultivation.

Alaska’s Crop Diversity

While potatoes stand out, Alaska’s agricultural portfolio is diverse, including other root vegetables like carrots and turnips, as well as cabbage, lettuce, and peonies, which are particularly popular for export due to their late blooming season. These crops contribute to the state’s agricultural economy, which is also bolstered by its robust livestock and dairy industries.


Q: Why are potatoes Alaska’s main crop?
A: Potatoes are well-suited to Alaska’s cool climate and have a lower risk of pest and disease issues, making them a reliable and productive crop for local farmers.

Q: What other crops are grown in Alaska?
A: In addition to potatoes, Alaska farmers grow a variety of crops including root vegetables, cabbages, lettuces, and flowers like peonies.


Arable land: Land capable of being ploughed and used to grow crops.
Tuber: A thickened underground part of a stem or rhizome, such as a potato, which stores nutrients.
Matanuska Valley: A region in Southcentral Alaska known for its agricultural productivity.