Coal Energy Green Energy Kentucky News Nuclear Solar Virginia Water West Virginia Wind

Solar Overcomes Challenges in Appalachia by Building Local Support and Providing Economic Benefits

The coalfield communities of central Appalachia have long been skeptical of renewable energy initiatives, given their history of exploitation and the devastating consequences of coal mining on their economy and environment. However, solar advocates in southwestern Virginia are proving that solar energy can overcome political and cultural opposition by being local, demonstrating its benefits, and building coalitions.

The passage of the Inflation Reduction Act (IRA), which provides significant tax credits and grants for green energy transition, has been instrumental in driving the success of solar advocates in red counties. Local solar projects, such as the solar pavilion and rooftop at the arts education center Appalshop in Whitesburg, Kentucky, have attracted interest from the community. These projects have helped stabilize energy costs and alleviate the burden of rate hikes imposed by traditional utilities.

The interest in renewable energy is growing in the region, with entities ranging from churches to fire stations seeking funding and technical assistance for solar projects. Despite these successes, state policy remains a major roadblock. Historically, southwest Virginia’s utilities have been favored over customers, but provisions in the Virginia Clean Economy Act have allowed public entities, like school districts, to enter into power-purchase agreements with solar installers, enabling them to buy energy from solar arrays hosted by schools.

However, the current governor, Glenn Youngkin, has expressed a preference for nuclear energy over solar and wind. Advocates question this stance, considering the abundance of former strip mine sites in southwestern Virginia suitable for hosting solar arrays. Solar advocates argue that promoting solar energy would be a more immediate and accessible solution, especially since the first solar project on such land has already been successfully established in Wise County.

Despite political headwinds, solar advocates are celebrating small victories. Demonstration projects, such as solar installations in schools, have changed perceptions about solar energy in the area. These projects have not only reduced energy costs but also created local job opportunities. Secure Solar Futures, for example, has started an apprenticeship program that trains local high schoolers in solar installation and maintenance, providing them with valuable skills and paying them a fair wage.

By focusing on the local community and delivering tangible economic benefits, solar energy is slowly gaining acceptance in central Appalachia. The shift from the coal-dependent mindset to embracing renewable energy can be challenging, but the success stories of solar initiatives are slowly changing minds and building a more sustainable future.


Q: What challenges do coalfield communities in central Appalachia face?

A: Coalfield communities in central Appalachia face numerous challenges, including a gutted economy, polluted water, respiratory diseases, and a deep mistrust of outsiders due to the exploitation caused by coal mining. These factors contribute to skepticism towards renewable energy initiatives.

Q: How are solar advocates in southwestern Virginia overcoming opposition?

A: Solar advocates in southwestern Virginia are focusing on being local, demonstrating the benefits of solar energy, and building coalitions. By engaging the community, showcasing the economic advantages of solar, and involving locals in solar projects, they are gradually overcoming opposition and increasing support for renewable energy.

Q: What role has the Inflation Reduction Act played in supporting solar advocates?

A: The Inflation Reduction Act (IRA) provides significant tax credits and grants for green energy transition. This has been instrumental in driving the success of solar advocates in red counties by providing financial support for solar projects and incentivizing the adoption of renewable energy.

Q: Why is the promotion of solar energy important in central Appalachia?

A: The promotion of solar energy in central Appalachia is important to diversify the region’s energy sources, reduce reliance on coal, and mitigate the environmental and health impacts associated with coal mining. Solar energy can also provide economic benefits, such as job creation and stabilized energy costs, which are essential for the region’s sustainable development.

Q: How are solar advocates addressing state policy roadblocks?

A: Solar advocates are working to address state policy roadblocks by advocating for policies that support solar energy adoption, such as power-purchase agreements and more favorable regulations for customer-generated energy. These efforts aim to create a more favorable policy environment for solar energy in the region.