Government officials in Anne Arundel County and Baltimore City are currently considering proposals aimed at increasing the supply of affordable housing in their respective areas. While the exact details of each proposal differ, the shared goal is to require housing developments of a certain size or value, or those receiving significant public subsidies, to allocate a portion of their units for individuals with incomes below the Baltimore-area median. This practice, known as inclusionary housing, has been implemented in various jurisdictions across the country and is seen as a potential solution to the pressing issues of housing affordability and supply.
Inclusionary housing policies have drawn support from housing policy experts who believe that such mandates can help address the legacy of segregation and promote more inclusive communities. By integrating neighborhoods and providing better access to essential amenities like transportation, healthcare, and schools, these policies can have both social and economic benefits for residents.
However, critics of inclusionary housing policies point to concerns about rising market-rate house prices in areas with such requirements. They argue that these mandates can contribute to exacerbating the affordability problem by driving up prices for non-subsidized units. Additionally, some developers may choose to invest in different types of projects or locations to avoid the requirements altogether.
In Anne Arundel County, County Executive Steuart Pittman has proposed the Essential Worker Housing Access Act, which would require new rental and for-sale development projects to reserve a portion of their units for individuals below the Baltimore-area median income. Developers of smaller-scale projects would also have the option to contribute to the county’s affordable housing trust fund instead of providing moderately priced units. In Baltimore, City Councilwoman Odette Ramos has designed a similar bill that mandates market-rate developments with 20 or more units to offer reduced-priced units to individuals earning up to 60% of the area median income.
Both proposals are expected to undergo further amendments and deliberations before final approval. The aim is to strike a balance between providing affordable housing options and addressing the concerns of developers and business leaders who may view the requirements as too burdensome.
Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ)
1. What is inclusionary housing?
Inclusionary housing refers to a policy approach that requires housing developers to allocate a certain percentage of their units for individuals with incomes below the area median. This practice aims to promote more inclusive communities and increase the availability of affordable housing options.
2. What are the potential benefits of inclusionary housing policies?
Inclusionary housing policies have the potential to address historical patterns of segregation, promote diverse and integrated neighborhoods, and provide better access to essential amenities for residents. They can also help alleviate the affordable housing crisis by increasing the supply of affordable units.
3. Are there any concerns associated with inclusionary housing policies?
Some critics argue that inclusionary housing policies can lead to higher market-rate house prices, making housing less affordable for individuals who do not qualify for subsidized units. Developers may also choose alternative projects or locations to avoid the requirements, potentially impacting overall housing supply.
4. How do the proposals in Anne Arundel County and Baltimore City differ?
While both proposals seek to implement inclusionary housing requirements, they have some key differences. Anne Arundel County’s proposal offers developers incentives like density bonuses and fee waivers in exchange for providing moderately priced units. In Baltimore, developers of market-rate developments receiving public subsidies would be required to offer reduced-priced units, with the option for tax credits to offset the difference between market rates and affordable rents.
5. What are the next steps for these proposals?
Both proposals are currently being considered by their respective government bodies. Amendments may be made to address concerns and ensure the effectiveness of the policies. Once finalized, the proposals will require approval and implementation to take effect.