Boston Consulting Group (BCG) Center for Energy Impact has released a new publication titled “Bridging the $18 Trillion Gap in Net Zero Capital,” revealing that the green energy transition is being severely hindered by adverse investment conditions. These challenges include inflation, supply chain constraints and pressures, as well as higher capital costs. Despite these obstacles, the energy sector is taking proactive measures to optimize capital structures for investment in the energy transition, with total transactions exceeding $320 billion in 2023.
The report builds upon BCG’s previous study, “The Energy Transition Blueprint,” which highlighted the need for $37 trillion in investment by 2030 to support the energy transition. While $19 trillion has already been committed over the next seven years, the remaining $18 trillion poses a significant challenge. Government spending is projected to account for 20% of the investment, while 80% will come from private capital. Various investors, including private equity, oil and gas companies, national oil companies, and utility companies, are expected to contribute to this private capital.
The largest portion of the investment shortfall, almost 90%, can be attributed to electricity and end-use sectors. This includes renewable power investments and consumer and industrial spending to reduce energy demand and emissions. The renewable energy sector has been particularly impacted by higher capital costs, primarily in North America and the wind sector. However, indications suggest that consolidation in renewables and divestment of assets by power and utility companies may support continued investment in the sector.
The end-use sector faces a massive $9 trillion investment shortfall through 2030, facing challenges such as bureaucratic hurdles, insufficient infrastructure, and weak business cases. Most proposed investments, including 93% of carbon capture projects, are still in the early planning stages.
Overcoming these challenges and driving green investments requires a collaborative effort between the private sector, policymakers, regulators, and end-users. By addressing the growing headwinds and creating strong incentives, all stakeholders can contribute to a successful green energy transition.
Q: What is hindering the green energy transition?
A: Adverse investment conditions, including inflation, supply chain pressures, and higher capital costs, are slowing down the green energy transition.
Q: How much investment is required for the energy transition by 2030?
A: According to BCG’s report, a total investment of $37 trillion is needed by 2030 to finance the energy transition. $19 trillion has already been committed, but an $18 trillion gap remains.
Q: What sectors contribute to the majority of the investment shortfall?
A: The electricity sector, including renewable power investments, and the end-use sector, which involves consumer and industrial spending to reduce energy demand and emissions, account for almost 90% of the investment shortfall.
Q: What challenges does the renewable energy sector face?
A: The renewable energy sector is grappling with higher capital costs, especially in North America and the wind sector. However, consolidation and divestment of assets may support continued investment in the sector.
Q: What challenges are faced by the end-use sector?
A: The end-use sector encounters bureaucratic hurdles, insufficient infrastructure, and weak business cases. Most of the proposed investments, including carbon capture projects, are still in the early planning stages.